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Course Information
Course Unit Title : Bleaching Techniques of Pulp
Course Unit Code : 01OEM5145
Type of Course Unit : Optional
Level of Course Unit : Second Cycle
Year of Study : 1
Semester : 1.Semester
Number of ECTS Credits Allocated : 6,00
Name of Lecturer(s) :
Course Assistants :
Learning Outcomes of The Course Unit : 1- Knowledge on bleacheing sequences accoring to residaul lignin in pulps
2- Ability on pulp bleaching terminology
3- Ability on conventional bleaching techniques
4- Ability on newly developed pulp bleaching techniques
Mode of Delivery : Face-To-Face
Prerequisities and Co-requisities Courses : Unavailable
Recommended Optional Programme Components : Unavailable
Course Contents : Determination residual lignin on pulps, preparation of pulps for bleaching, conventional pulp bleaching techniques, alternative pulp bleaching techniques, quality and optical control on bleached pulps
Languages of Instruction : Turkish-English
Course Goals : 1- Preperation various bleaching sequences for wood pulps
Course Aims : Knowledge on general terminology of pulp bleaching, Classification of pulp bleaching, Bleaching chemicals and their specifications, Bleaching techniques of pulps that prepared with various methods, Determination level of bleaching.
WorkPlacement   Not Available
Recommended or Required Reading
Textbook : 1- Şahin H.T. Pulp Bleaching Course Notes, SDU Faculty of Forestry, Isparta, Turkey
Additional Resources : 1- Smook, GA. 1994. Handbook for pulp & paper technologists, Angus Wilde Publications. Canada

2- Sjostrom, E. 1993. Wood Chemistry, Fundamentals and Applications, Academic Press, San Diego, CA.

3- Young, R.A., Akthar, M. 1998. Environmentally Friendly Technologies for Pulp and Paper Industry, R. Young and M. Akthar (Eds.), John Wiley Sons. Inc.
Material Sharing
Documents :
Assignments :
Exams :
Additional Material :
Planned Learning Activities and Teaching Methods
Lectures, Practical Courses, Presentation, Seminar, Project, Laboratory Applications (if necessary)
ECTS / Table Of Workload (Number of ECTS credits allocated)
Student workload surveys utilized to determine ECTS credits.
Activity :
Number Duration Total  
Course Duration (Excluding Exam Week) :
14 3 42  
Time Of Studying Out Of Class :
14 3 42  
Homeworks :
3 10 30  
Presentation :
1 10 10  
Project :
0 0 0  
Lab Study :
0 0 0  
Field Study :
0 0 0  
Visas :
1 20 20  
Finals :
1 30 30  
Workload Hour (30) :
30  
Total Work Charge / Hour :
174  
Course's ECTS Credit :
6      
Assessment Methods and Criteria
Studies During Halfterm :
Number Co-Effient
Visa :
1 70
Quiz :
0 0
Homework :
1 20
Attendance :
0 0
Application :
0 0
Lab :
0 0
Project :
0 0
Workshop :
0 0
Seminary :
1 10
Field study :
0 0
   
TOTAL :
100
The ratio of the term to success :
50
The ratio of final to success :
50
TOTAL :
100
Weekly Detailed Course Content
Week Topics  
1 General terminology on pulp bleaching
 
2 Determination of residual lignin content on pulps and preparation for bleaching
 
3 Technical conditions for pulp bleaching
 
4 Chemical and agents that are utilized for conventional pulp bleaching
 
5 Conventional pulp bleaching stages
 
6 The effects of multiple stage bleaching on cellulose and lignin
 
7 Bleaching of Mechanical pulps
 
8 Bleaching of Semichemical pulps
 
9 Bleaching of chemical pulps
 
10 Environmentally friendly new bleaching techniques
 
11 ECF and TCF bleaching methods
 
12 Biological bleaching of pulps
 
13 Quality variations on bleached pulps-I
 
14 Quality variations on bleached pulps-II